AUGUST 9: The day when “FAT MAN” fell on Nagasaki

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Editor’s desk:

Japan was almost nearing  its defeat. It was clear that surrender was the last rope of hope to end their pain. But  a few American statesman believed that a negotiated end was possible, some Japanese officials had suggested that Sweden might serve as a mediator. For America’s military leaders, it was largely irrelevant – their task was to find the military solution to the war.

On 6th August, the Enola Gay, a b-29 bomber flew out of Tinian, one of the Mariana Islands. She was accompanied by two other planes charged with gathering scientific data on the visible effects of the first atomic bomb. Their target was Hiroshima. The Manufacturing city served as supply depot for military goods. Perhaps just as important given the scientific questions on the table, it was one of the few “military” targets relatively undamaged by previous bombing.

The city’s air raid alarms drew many of Hiroshima’s 300,000 people into the streets when they sounded. Many were still in the streets when the bomb detonated at about 1900 feet. An estimated 45,000 people died immeidately, another 20,000 died in the next few months.

Two days later, 8 August, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan and invaded Manchuria, rapidly overwhelming the Japanese forces assigned to protest this piece of China that Japan had invaded in 1931.

Three days later, 9 th August , a second atomic bomb “FAT MAN” was dropped – this time at Nagasaki.

“FAT MAN” was dropped at 11:02 a.m., 1,650 feet above the city. The explosion unleashed the equivalent force of 22,000 tons of TNT. The hills that  surrounded the city did a better job of containing the destructive force, but the number killed is estimated at anywhere between 60,000 and 80,000 (exact figures are impossible, the blast having obliterated bodies and disintegrated records).

The Emperor of Japan unconditionally surrendered to US.

Children vaporised, injured were screaming for water, the whole Nagasaki city looked like a Zombie land where the injured were moving here and there carrying their burnt skin hanging down their exposed bones. Bodies strewn everywhere, with some stuck to the walls of the buildings spalltered with blood, probably bodies which might have evaporated to the heat produced from the bombing.

“FAT MAN” ate away the small men. Japan ultimately vaporised under the impact of the World War.

 

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