Guwahati : World Suicide Prevention Day observed every year on 10 September is organized by the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) and co-sponsored by WHO. The raises awareness around the globe regarding prevention of suicide. Around the world, one person takes their own life every 40 seconds, and more people die by suicide every year than in a war, as reported by the World Health Organisation.
Hanging, poisoning and shooting are the most common suicide methods, the WHO said as it urged governments to adopt suicide prevention plans to help people cope with stress and to reduce access to the means of committing suicide.
There are people who feel happy and full of life when with mates and close ones. But at the very next moment one suddenly feel horrible for no reason at all and then the tendency to harm one’s self comes in the mind. Suicides can be prevented if a concerned person near the vulnerable person speak and try to lift up his/her spirits and have a proper talk also called as “Talk Therapy”
Suicide was the second leading cause of death among young people aged between 15 and 29, after road injury. Among teenage girls aged 15 to 19, it was the second biggest killer after maternal deaths. In teenage boys, suicide ranked third behind road injury and interpersonal violence.
Mental disorders play an overwhelming role in the increased risk of suicide – with estimates suggesting up to 90% of individuals who take their own life suffer from some type of psychiatric disorder. Risk of suicide for individuals suffering from mental disorders drastically decreases once admitted to treatment.
The mental disorders with the greatest prevalence of suicide risk associated with them include major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, personality disorders, post traumatic stress disorder and eating disorders. Individuals suffering from major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder are at the highest risk of suicide – with risk of suicide increasing 20 fold.